Secure index and data symbol modulation for OFDM-IM

Yonggu Lee, Hanseong Jo, Youngwook Ko, Jinho Choi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Citations (Scopus)
392 Downloads (Pure)


In this paper, we propose a secure index and data symbol modulation scheme for orthogonal frequency division multiplexing with index modulation (OFDM-IM) systems. By exploiting the notion of the channel reciprocity in time divisionduplexing (TDD) mode over wireless channels for shared channel state information (CSI) as a secret key, we investigate randomized mapping rules for index modulation as well as data symbol modulation.Due to the randomized mapping rules for index and data symbol modulation in OFDM-IM, an eavesdropper is not able tocorrectly decide message bits even though active subcarriers and their symbols are correctly estimated. In particular, we exploit a characteristic of OFDM-IM which uses a fraction of subcarriersfor transmissions to enhance security of data symbol modulation.In addition, to design a set of mapping rules for data symbol modulation, we investigate both a random-selection based set and a bit-mismatch based set. Through the analysis and simulation results, we demonstrate that the proposed scheme based on the randomized mapping rules for index modulation and data symbol modulation has a better performance than an existing scheme(modified for OFDM-IM) in terms of bit error rate (BER) and successful attack probability. In particular, we can show that the BER at an eavesdropper is much higher if the bit-mismatch based set of mapping rules is used.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)24959-24974
JournalIEEE Access
Issue number1
Early online date01 Nov 2017
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2017


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