Seeing double: The frequency and detectability of double-peaked superluminous supernova light curves

M. Nicholl*, S. J. Smartt

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

40 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The discovery of double-peaked light curves in some superluminous supernovae (SLSNe) offers an important new clue to their origins. We examine the published photometry of all Type Ic SLSNe, finding 14 objectswith constraining data or limits around the time of explosion. Of these, eight (including the already identified SN 2006oz and LSQ14bdq) show plausible flux excess at the earliest epochs, which deviate by 2-9σ from polynomial fits to the rising light curves. Simple scaling of the LSQ14bdq data show that they are all consistent with a similar double-peaked structure. PS1-10pm provides multicolour UV data indicating a temperature of Tbb = 25000 ± 5000 K during the early 'bump' phase. We find that a double-peak cannot be excluded in any of the other six objects, and that this behaviour may be ubiquitous. The homogeneity of the observed bumps is unexpected for interaction-powered models. Enginepowered models can explain the observations if all progenitors have extended radii or the central engine drives shock breakout emission several days after the supernova explosion.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)L79-L83
JournalMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society: Letters
Volume457
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 14 Jan 2016

Keywords

  • Supernovae: general
  • Supernovae: individual: LSQ14bdq

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

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