Selection and Treatment of Data for Radiocarbon Calibration: An Update to the International Calibration (IntCal) Criteria

Paula Reimer, E. Bard, A. Bayliss, J.W. Beck, P.G. Blackwell, C Bronk Ramsey, David Brown, C.E. Buck, R.L. Edwards, M. Friedrich, P.M. Grootes, T.P. Guilderson, Haflidi Haflidason, I. Hajdas, Christine Hatté, T.J. Heaton, A.G. Hogg, Konrad A. Hughen, K.F. Kaiser, Bernd Kromer & 7 others S.W. Manning, Ron Reimer, D.A. Richards, E. M. Scott, J.R. Southon, C.S.M. Turney, J. Van Der Plicht

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

67 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

High-quality data from appropriate archives are needed for the continuing improvement of radiocarbon calibration curves. We discuss here the basic assumptions behind 14C dating that necessitate calibration and the relative strengths and weaknesses of archives from which calibration data are obtained. We also highlight the procedures, problems and uncertainties involved in determining atmospheric and surface ocean 14C/12C in these archives, including a discussion of the various methods used to derive an independent absolute timescale and uncertainty. The types of data required for the current IntCal database and calibration curve model are tabulated with examples.
LanguageEnglish
Pages1923-1945
Number of pages23
JournalRadiocarbon
Volume55
Issue number4
Early online date12 Oct 2013
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013

Fingerprint

calibration
data quality
sea surface
Calibration
Radiocarbon Calibration
timescale
Uncertainty
Time Scales
14C Dating
Ocean
Data Base

Bibliographical note

Open Access

Keywords

  • radiocarbon dating
  • radiocarbon calibration
  • IntCal

Cite this

Reimer, P., Bard, E., Bayliss, A., Beck, J. W., Blackwell, P. G., Bronk Ramsey, C., ... Van Der Plicht, J. (2013). Selection and Treatment of Data for Radiocarbon Calibration: An Update to the International Calibration (IntCal) Criteria. Radiocarbon, 55(4), 1923-1945. https://doi.org/10.2458/azu_js_rc.55.16955
Reimer, Paula ; Bard, E. ; Bayliss, A. ; Beck, J.W. ; Blackwell, P.G. ; Bronk Ramsey, C ; Brown, David ; Buck, C.E. ; Edwards, R.L. ; Friedrich, M. ; Grootes, P.M. ; Guilderson, T.P. ; Haflidason, Haflidi ; Hajdas, I. ; Hatté, Christine ; Heaton, T.J. ; Hogg, A.G. ; Hughen, Konrad A. ; Kaiser, K.F. ; Kromer, Bernd ; Manning, S.W. ; Reimer, Ron ; Richards, D.A. ; Scott, E. M. ; Southon, J.R. ; Turney, C.S.M. ; Van Der Plicht, J. / Selection and Treatment of Data for Radiocarbon Calibration: An Update to the International Calibration (IntCal) Criteria. In: Radiocarbon. 2013 ; Vol. 55, No. 4. pp. 1923-1945.
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abstract = "High-quality data from appropriate archives are needed for the continuing improvement of radiocarbon calibration curves. We discuss here the basic assumptions behind 14C dating that necessitate calibration and the relative strengths and weaknesses of archives from which calibration data are obtained. We also highlight the procedures, problems and uncertainties involved in determining atmospheric and surface ocean 14C/12C in these archives, including a discussion of the various methods used to derive an independent absolute timescale and uncertainty. The types of data required for the current IntCal database and calibration curve model are tabulated with examples.",
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Reimer, P, Bard, E, Bayliss, A, Beck, JW, Blackwell, PG, Bronk Ramsey, C, Brown, D, Buck, CE, Edwards, RL, Friedrich, M, Grootes, PM, Guilderson, TP, Haflidason, H, Hajdas, I, Hatté, C, Heaton, TJ, Hogg, AG, Hughen, KA, Kaiser, KF, Kromer, B, Manning, SW, Reimer, R, Richards, DA, Scott, EM, Southon, JR, Turney, CSM & Van Der Plicht, J 2013, 'Selection and Treatment of Data for Radiocarbon Calibration: An Update to the International Calibration (IntCal) Criteria', Radiocarbon, vol. 55, no. 4, pp. 1923-1945. https://doi.org/10.2458/azu_js_rc.55.16955

Selection and Treatment of Data for Radiocarbon Calibration: An Update to the International Calibration (IntCal) Criteria. / Reimer, Paula; Bard, E.; Bayliss, A.; Beck, J.W.; Blackwell, P.G.; Bronk Ramsey, C; Brown, David; Buck, C.E.; Edwards, R.L.; Friedrich, M.; Grootes, P.M.; Guilderson, T.P.; Haflidason, Haflidi; Hajdas, I.; Hatté, Christine; Heaton, T.J.; Hogg, A.G.; Hughen, Konrad A.; Kaiser, K.F.; Kromer, Bernd; Manning, S.W.; Reimer, Ron; Richards, D.A.; Scott, E. M.; Southon, J.R.; Turney, C.S.M.; Van Der Plicht, J.

In: Radiocarbon, Vol. 55, No. 4, 2013, p. 1923-1945.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Selection and Treatment of Data for Radiocarbon Calibration: An Update to the International Calibration (IntCal) Criteria

AU - Reimer, Paula

AU - Bard, E.

AU - Bayliss, A.

AU - Beck, J.W.

AU - Blackwell, P.G.

AU - Bronk Ramsey, C

AU - Brown, David

AU - Buck, C.E.

AU - Edwards, R.L.

AU - Friedrich, M.

AU - Grootes, P.M.

AU - Guilderson, T.P.

AU - Haflidason, Haflidi

AU - Hajdas, I.

AU - Hatté, Christine

AU - Heaton, T.J.

AU - Hogg, A.G.

AU - Hughen, Konrad A.

AU - Kaiser, K.F.

AU - Kromer, Bernd

AU - Manning, S.W.

AU - Reimer, Ron

AU - Richards, D.A.

AU - Scott, E. M.

AU - Southon, J.R.

AU - Turney, C.S.M.

AU - Van Der Plicht, J.

N1 - Open Access

PY - 2013

Y1 - 2013

N2 - High-quality data from appropriate archives are needed for the continuing improvement of radiocarbon calibration curves. We discuss here the basic assumptions behind 14C dating that necessitate calibration and the relative strengths and weaknesses of archives from which calibration data are obtained. We also highlight the procedures, problems and uncertainties involved in determining atmospheric and surface ocean 14C/12C in these archives, including a discussion of the various methods used to derive an independent absolute timescale and uncertainty. The types of data required for the current IntCal database and calibration curve model are tabulated with examples.

AB - High-quality data from appropriate archives are needed for the continuing improvement of radiocarbon calibration curves. We discuss here the basic assumptions behind 14C dating that necessitate calibration and the relative strengths and weaknesses of archives from which calibration data are obtained. We also highlight the procedures, problems and uncertainties involved in determining atmospheric and surface ocean 14C/12C in these archives, including a discussion of the various methods used to derive an independent absolute timescale and uncertainty. The types of data required for the current IntCal database and calibration curve model are tabulated with examples.

KW - radiocarbon dating

KW - radiocarbon calibration

KW - IntCal

U2 - 10.2458/azu_js_rc.55.16955

DO - 10.2458/azu_js_rc.55.16955

M3 - Article

VL - 55

SP - 1923

EP - 1945

JO - Radiocarbon

T2 - Radiocarbon

JF - Radiocarbon

SN - 0033-8222

IS - 4

ER -