Selection and Treatment of Data for Radiocarbon Calibration: An Update to the International Calibration (IntCal) Criteria

Paula Reimer, E. Bard, A. Bayliss, J.W. Beck, P.G. Blackwell, C Bronk Ramsey, David Brown, C.E. Buck, R.L. Edwards, M. Friedrich, P.M. Grootes, T.P. Guilderson, Haflidi Haflidason, I. Hajdas, Christine Hatté, T.J. Heaton, A.G. Hogg, Konrad A. Hughen, K.F. Kaiser, Bernd KromerS.W. Manning, Ron Reimer, D.A. Richards, E. M. Scott, J.R. Southon, C.S.M. Turney, J. Van Der Plicht

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

96 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

High-quality data from appropriate archives are needed for the continuing improvement of radiocarbon calibration curves. We discuss here the basic assumptions behind 14C dating that necessitate calibration and the relative strengths and weaknesses of archives from which calibration data are obtained. We also highlight the procedures, problems and uncertainties involved in determining atmospheric and surface ocean 14C/12C in these archives, including a discussion of the various methods used to derive an independent absolute timescale and uncertainty. The types of data required for the current IntCal database and calibration curve model are tabulated with examples.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1923-1945
Number of pages23
JournalRadiocarbon
Volume55
Issue number4
Early online date12 Oct 2013
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013

Bibliographical note

Open Access

Keywords

  • radiocarbon dating
  • radiocarbon calibration
  • IntCal

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