Self-consistent modelling of line-driven hot-star winds with Monte Carlo radiation hydrodynamics

U. M. Noebauer, S. A. Sim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)


Radiative pressure exerted by line interactions is a prominent driver of outflows in astrophysical systems, being at work in the outflows emerging from hot stars or from the accretion discs of cataclysmic variables, massive young stars and active galactic nuclei. In this work, a new radiation hydrodynamical approach to model line-driven hot-star winds is presented. By coupling a Monte Carlo radiative transfer scheme with a finite volume fluid dynamical method, line-driven mass outflows may be modelled self-consistently, benefiting from the advantages of Monte Carlo techniques in treating multiline effects, such as multiple scatterings, and in dealing with arbitrary multidimensional configurations. In this work, we introduce our approach in detail by highlighting the key numerical techniques and verifying their operation in a number of simplified applications, specifically in a series of self-consistent, one-dimensional, Sobolev-type, hot-star wind calculations. The utility and accuracy of our approach are demonstrated by comparing the obtained results with the predictions of various formulations of the so-called CAK theory and by confronting the calculations with modern sophisticated techniques of predicting the wind structure. Using these calculations, we also point out some useful diagnostic capabilities our approach provides. Finally, we discuss some of the current limitations of our method, some possible extensions and potential future applications.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3120-3134
JournalMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Issue number3
Early online date03 Sep 2015
Publication statusPublished - 01 Nov 2015


  • hydrodynamics
  • radiative transfer
  • methods: numerical
  • stars: winds
  • outflows


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