Semi-empirical wake structure model of tidal turbine using joint axial momentum theory and DES-SA method

Shuguang Wang, Wei-Haur Lam, Yonggang Cui, Tianming Zhang, Jinxin Jang, Chong Sun, Jianhua Guo, Yanbo Ma, Gerard Hamill

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

CFD simulation with DES-SA turbulence model are conducted to investigate the wake velocity characteristics. The velocity distribution of axial, tangential and radial velocity component is analysed by comparing numerical results with previous experimental and theoretical results. The axial velocity component is continuously recovered along the axial direction. Based on the position of minimum axial velocity, turbine wake can be divided into two zones: zone of flow establishment and zone of established flow. In the zone of flow establishment, two-dipped velocity valleys of the axial velocity distribution appear along the radial direction. These two valleys are combined to one valley at the rotation axis in the zone of established flow. The tangential velocity component is the second largest and the radial velocity component accounts for only a small proportion. Both of tangential and radial velocity decreases along the axial direction. Two velocity peaks of both tangential and radial velocity appear along the radial direction. Several empirical equations are finally proposed to describe the velocity distribution of turbine wake.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages19
JournalOcean Engineering
Volume191
Early online date16 Oct 2019
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01 Nov 2019

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Model structures
Momentum
Turbines
Velocity distribution
Turbulence models
Computational fluid dynamics

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Wang, Shuguang ; Lam, Wei-Haur ; Cui, Yonggang ; Zhang, Tianming ; Jang, Jinxin ; Sun, Chong ; Guo, Jianhua ; Ma, Yanbo ; Hamill, Gerard. / Semi-empirical wake structure model of tidal turbine using joint axial momentum theory and DES-SA method. In: Ocean Engineering. 2019 ; Vol. 191.
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abstract = "CFD simulation with DES-SA turbulence model are conducted to investigate the wake velocity characteristics. The velocity distribution of axial, tangential and radial velocity component is analysed by comparing numerical results with previous experimental and theoretical results. The axial velocity component is continuously recovered along the axial direction. Based on the position of minimum axial velocity, turbine wake can be divided into two zones: zone of flow establishment and zone of established flow. In the zone of flow establishment, two-dipped velocity valleys of the axial velocity distribution appear along the radial direction. These two valleys are combined to one valley at the rotation axis in the zone of established flow. The tangential velocity component is the second largest and the radial velocity component accounts for only a small proportion. Both of tangential and radial velocity decreases along the axial direction. Two velocity peaks of both tangential and radial velocity appear along the radial direction. Several empirical equations are finally proposed to describe the velocity distribution of turbine wake.",
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Semi-empirical wake structure model of tidal turbine using joint axial momentum theory and DES-SA method. / Wang, Shuguang; Lam, Wei-Haur; Cui, Yonggang; Zhang, Tianming; Jang, Jinxin ; Sun, Chong; Guo, Jianhua; Ma, Yanbo; Hamill, Gerard.

In: Ocean Engineering, Vol. 191, 01.11.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Semi-empirical wake structure model of tidal turbine using joint axial momentum theory and DES-SA method

AU - Wang, Shuguang

AU - Lam, Wei-Haur

AU - Cui, Yonggang

AU - Zhang, Tianming

AU - Jang, Jinxin

AU - Sun, Chong

AU - Guo, Jianhua

AU - Ma, Yanbo

AU - Hamill, Gerard

PY - 2019/11/1

Y1 - 2019/11/1

N2 - CFD simulation with DES-SA turbulence model are conducted to investigate the wake velocity characteristics. The velocity distribution of axial, tangential and radial velocity component is analysed by comparing numerical results with previous experimental and theoretical results. The axial velocity component is continuously recovered along the axial direction. Based on the position of minimum axial velocity, turbine wake can be divided into two zones: zone of flow establishment and zone of established flow. In the zone of flow establishment, two-dipped velocity valleys of the axial velocity distribution appear along the radial direction. These two valleys are combined to one valley at the rotation axis in the zone of established flow. The tangential velocity component is the second largest and the radial velocity component accounts for only a small proportion. Both of tangential and radial velocity decreases along the axial direction. Two velocity peaks of both tangential and radial velocity appear along the radial direction. Several empirical equations are finally proposed to describe the velocity distribution of turbine wake.

AB - CFD simulation with DES-SA turbulence model are conducted to investigate the wake velocity characteristics. The velocity distribution of axial, tangential and radial velocity component is analysed by comparing numerical results with previous experimental and theoretical results. The axial velocity component is continuously recovered along the axial direction. Based on the position of minimum axial velocity, turbine wake can be divided into two zones: zone of flow establishment and zone of established flow. In the zone of flow establishment, two-dipped velocity valleys of the axial velocity distribution appear along the radial direction. These two valleys are combined to one valley at the rotation axis in the zone of established flow. The tangential velocity component is the second largest and the radial velocity component accounts for only a small proportion. Both of tangential and radial velocity decreases along the axial direction. Two velocity peaks of both tangential and radial velocity appear along the radial direction. Several empirical equations are finally proposed to describe the velocity distribution of turbine wake.

U2 - 10.1016/j.oceaneng.2019.106525

DO - 10.1016/j.oceaneng.2019.106525

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JO - Ocean Engineering

JF - Ocean Engineering

SN - 0029-8018

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