Sensitive and specific detection of viable Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis in raw milk by the Peptide-mediated magnetic separation (PMS)-phage assay

A. C. G. Foddai, I. R. Grant

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Citations (Scopus)
125 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Aim

To validate an optimized peptide-mediated magnetic separation (PMS)-phage assay for detection of viable Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis (MAP) in milk.

Methods and Results

Inclusivity, specificity and limit of detection 50% (LOD50) of the optimized PMS-phage assay were assessed. Plaques were obtained for all 43 MAP strains tested. Of 12 other Mycobacterium sp. tested, only Mycobacterium bovis BCG produced small numbers of plaques. LOD50 of the PMS-phage assay was 0·93 MAP cells per 50 ml milk, which was better than both PMS-qPCR and PMS-culture. When individual milks (n = 146) and bulk tank milk (BTM, n = 22) obtained from Johne's affected herds were tested by the PMS-phage assay, viable MAP were detected in 31 (21·2%) of 146 individual milks and 13 (59·1%) of 22 BTM, with MAP numbers detected ranging from 6–948 plaque-forming-units per 50 ml milk. PMS-qPCR and PMS-MGIT culture proved to be less sensitive tests than the PMS-phage assay.

Conclusions

The optimized PMS-phage assay is the most sensitive and specific method available for the detection of viable MAP in milk. Further work is needed to streamline the PMS-phage assay, because the assay's multistep format currently makes it unsuitable for adoption by the dairy industry as a screening test.

Significance and Impact of the Study

The inclusivity (ability to detect all MAP strains), specificity (ability to detect only MAP) and detection sensitivity (ability to detect low numbers of MAP) of the optimized PMS-phage assay have been comprehensively demonstrated for the first time.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1357-1367
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of applied microbiology
Volume122
Issue number5
Early online date27 Mar 2017
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2017

Keywords

  • Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis (MAP)
  • PMS-phage assay
  • Detection sensitivity
  • Detection specificity
  • Milk testing

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