Separation of acid-dyes mixture by bamboo derived active carbon

L.S. Chan, W.H. Cheung, S.J. Allen, G. McKay

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

49 Citations (Scopus)


In the present study, the activated carbon is produced using phosphoric acid treatment of the waste bamboo scaffolding and activated at either 400 or 600 °C. The effect of acid to bamboo ratio (Xp) up to 2.4 has been studied. The BET surface area increased with increasing Xp and activating temperature. BET surface area up to 2500 m2/g carbon has been produced. In order to simulate effluent treatment from textile industry, the produced carbon was tested for its dye adsorption capacities. Two acid dyes with different molecular sizes were used, namely Acid Yellow 117 (AY117) and Acid Blue 25 (AB25). In a single component system, it was found that dye with smaller molecular size, AB25, was readily adsorbed onto the carbon while the larger size dye, AY117, showed little adsorption. As a result, it is possible to tailor-make the carbon for the adsorption of dye mixtures in industrial applications, especially textile dyeing, i.e. molecular sieve effect. A binary AY117–AB25 mixture was used to test the possibility of the molecular sieve effect. Furthermore, experimental results were fitted to equilibrium isotherm models, Langmuir, Freundlich and Sips for the single component system. For the binary component system, extended single-component equilibrium isotherm models were used to predict the experimental data.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)166-172
Number of pages7
JournalSeparation and Purification Technology
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 02 Jun 2009

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Filtration and Separation
  • Analytical Chemistry


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