Sequential finite element modelling of lightning arc plasma and composite specimen thermal-electric damage

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Highly complex phenomena such as lightning strikes require simulation methods capable of capturing many different physics. However, completing this in one simulation is not always desired or possible. In such instances there can be a need for a methodology to transfer loading boundary conditions from one simulation to the next while accounting for the characteristic form of the loading and the dissimilar domain and mesh geometries. Herein, the objective is to combine two models to enable the automatic sequential simulation of a lightning arc and a composite test specimen. The approach is developed using Finite Element models, with a Magnetohydrodynamics model representing the lightning plasma and a thermal-electric model representing the specimen. The specimen mesh and loading boundary conditions are automatically generated based on the predicted output of the preceding plasma model. The precision, run-time and flexibility of the proposed approach is demonstrated, with thermal damage predictions generated in approximately 33 h. Resulting from the integrated modelling capability is the first time prediction of damage representing the test electric boundary conditions rather than assumed specimen boundary conditions (herein using test ‘Waveform B’).
LanguageEnglish
Pages48-62
Number of pages15
JournalComputers and Structures
Volume222
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 05 Jul 2019

Fingerprint

Lightning
Finite Element Modeling
Arc of a curve
Plasma
Damage
Composite
Plasmas
Boundary conditions
Composite materials
Mesh
Integrated Modeling
Simulation
Prediction
Model
Simulation Methods
Waveform
Finite Element Model
Magnetohydrodynamics
Flexibility
Physics

Cite this

@article{46da8a6945424c6e9e40b9847720e18b,
title = "Sequential finite element modelling of lightning arc plasma and composite specimen thermal-electric damage",
abstract = "Highly complex phenomena such as lightning strikes require simulation methods capable of capturing many different physics. However, completing this in one simulation is not always desired or possible. In such instances there can be a need for a methodology to transfer loading boundary conditions from one simulation to the next while accounting for the characteristic form of the loading and the dissimilar domain and mesh geometries. Herein, the objective is to combine two models to enable the automatic sequential simulation of a lightning arc and a composite test specimen. The approach is developed using Finite Element models, with a Magnetohydrodynamics model representing the lightning plasma and a thermal-electric model representing the specimen. The specimen mesh and loading boundary conditions are automatically generated based on the predicted output of the preceding plasma model. The precision, run-time and flexibility of the proposed approach is demonstrated, with thermal damage predictions generated in approximately 33 h. Resulting from the integrated modelling capability is the first time prediction of damage representing the test electric boundary conditions rather than assumed specimen boundary conditions (herein using test ‘Waveform B’).",
author = "S.L.J Millen and A. Murphy and G. Abdelal and G. Catalanotti",
year = "2019",
month = "7",
day = "5",
doi = "10.1016/j.compstruc.2019.06.005",
language = "English",
volume = "222",
pages = "48--62",
journal = "Computers & Structures",
issn = "0045-7949",
publisher = "Pergamon",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Sequential finite element modelling of lightning arc plasma and composite specimen thermal-electric damage

AU - Millen, S.L.J

AU - Murphy, A.

AU - Abdelal, G.

AU - Catalanotti, G.

PY - 2019/7/5

Y1 - 2019/7/5

N2 - Highly complex phenomena such as lightning strikes require simulation methods capable of capturing many different physics. However, completing this in one simulation is not always desired or possible. In such instances there can be a need for a methodology to transfer loading boundary conditions from one simulation to the next while accounting for the characteristic form of the loading and the dissimilar domain and mesh geometries. Herein, the objective is to combine two models to enable the automatic sequential simulation of a lightning arc and a composite test specimen. The approach is developed using Finite Element models, with a Magnetohydrodynamics model representing the lightning plasma and a thermal-electric model representing the specimen. The specimen mesh and loading boundary conditions are automatically generated based on the predicted output of the preceding plasma model. The precision, run-time and flexibility of the proposed approach is demonstrated, with thermal damage predictions generated in approximately 33 h. Resulting from the integrated modelling capability is the first time prediction of damage representing the test electric boundary conditions rather than assumed specimen boundary conditions (herein using test ‘Waveform B’).

AB - Highly complex phenomena such as lightning strikes require simulation methods capable of capturing many different physics. However, completing this in one simulation is not always desired or possible. In such instances there can be a need for a methodology to transfer loading boundary conditions from one simulation to the next while accounting for the characteristic form of the loading and the dissimilar domain and mesh geometries. Herein, the objective is to combine two models to enable the automatic sequential simulation of a lightning arc and a composite test specimen. The approach is developed using Finite Element models, with a Magnetohydrodynamics model representing the lightning plasma and a thermal-electric model representing the specimen. The specimen mesh and loading boundary conditions are automatically generated based on the predicted output of the preceding plasma model. The precision, run-time and flexibility of the proposed approach is demonstrated, with thermal damage predictions generated in approximately 33 h. Resulting from the integrated modelling capability is the first time prediction of damage representing the test electric boundary conditions rather than assumed specimen boundary conditions (herein using test ‘Waveform B’).

U2 - 10.1016/j.compstruc.2019.06.005

DO - 10.1016/j.compstruc.2019.06.005

M3 - Article

VL - 222

SP - 48

EP - 62

JO - Computers & Structures

T2 - Computers & Structures

JF - Computers & Structures

SN - 0045-7949

ER -