Serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D and insulin resistance in people at high risk of cardiovascular disease: a euglycaemic hyperinsulinaemic clamp study

I R Wallace, M C McKinley, C T McEvoy, L L Hamill, C N Ennis, A McGinty, P M Bell, C C Patterson, J V Woodside, I S Young, S J Hunter

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Abstract

CONTEXT: In observational studies low serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25-OHD) concentration is associated with an increased risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM). Increasing serum 25-OHD may have beneficial effects on insulin resistance or beta-cell function. Cross-sectional studies utilising sub-optimal methods for assessment of insulin sensitivity and serum 25-OHD concentration provide conflicting results.

OBJECTIVE: This study examined the relationship between serum 25-OHD concentration and insulin resistance in healthy overweight individuals at increased risk of cardiovascular disease, using optimal assessment techniques.

METHODS: 92 subjects (mean age 56.0, SD 6.0 years), who were healthy but overweight (mean BMI 30.9, SD 2.3 kg/m(2) ) underwent assessments of insulin sensitivity (two-step euglycaemic hyperinsulinaemic clamp, HOMA2-IR), beta-cell function (HOMA2%B), serum 25-OHD concentration and body composition (DEXA).

RESULTS: Mean total 25-OHD concentration was 32.2, range 21.8 - 46.6 nmol/L. No association was demonstrated between serum 25-OHD concentration and insulin resistance.

CONCLUSIONS: In this study using optimal assessment techniques to measure 25-OHD concentration, insulin sensitivity and body composition, there was no association between serum 25-OHD concentration and insulin resistance in healthy, overweight individuals at high risk of developing cardiovascular disease. This study suggests the documented inverse association between serum 25-OHD concentration and risk of type 2 DM is not mediated by a relationship between serum 25-OHD concentration and insulin resistance. 

Original languageEnglish
JournalClinical Endocrinology
Early online date13 May 2016
DOIs
Publication statusEarly online date - 13 May 2016

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