Sex equality law after Kalanke and Marschall

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14 Citations (Scopus)


In Marschall, the ECJ looked for the second time into the admissibility of positive action in German public services; a third reference on this issue is still pending.
Despite the Court’s positive response to the ‘women’s quota’ in Marschall, its application in Germany remains controversial. This article tries to shed some light on the specific conditions under which women’s quotas were implemented in Germany and on the different approaches to anti-discrimination, indirect discrimination law and structural discrimination, which underlie efforts to justify women’s quotas against equality standards derived from EC Law.
Original languageUndefined/Unknown
Pages (from-to)148-166
Number of pages19
JournalEuropean Law Journal
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1998

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