Sexual orientation and gender identity or expression (SOGIE) in violent conflict and peacebuilding

Jamie J. Hagen, Megan Daigle, Henri Myrttinen

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter (peer-reviewed)peer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)
102 Downloads (Pure)


Much gender analysis continues to rely on a binary understanding of gender, neglecting the diversity of sexual orientations and gender identities and expressions (SOGIE). Full understanding of the complexity of how gender norms matter in violent conflict requires moving beyond heterosexist and cisgender framing of gender. This chapter considers the heightened and layered vulnerabilities for gender and sexual minorities (GSM) living in war-related environments. A case study on the Colombian conflict explores the violence faced by those with diverse SOGIE as well as how queer communities support one another to survive conflict violence. The authors consider how post-conflict offers a moment to push back against heteropatriarchal and cisgender norms. They conclude with a look at international organisations currently working to respond to conflict-related violence against GSM with a focus on the work by OutRight Action International, Madre and the Organization for Women’s Freedom in Iraq.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationRoutledge handbook of feminist peace research
EditorsTarja Väyrynen, Swati Parashar, Élise Féron, Catia Cecilia Confortini
ISBN (Electronic)9780429024160
ISBN (Print)9780367109844, 9780367685102
Publication statusPublished - 12 Mar 2021


  • gender
  • peacebuilding
  • SOGI
  • queering
  • conflict


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