Shallow water methane-derived authigenic carbonate mounds at the Codling Fault Zone, western Irish Sea

Shane S. O'Reilly, Krzysztof Hryniewicz, Crispin T.S. Little, Xavier Monteys, Michal T. Szpak, Brian T. Murphy, Sean F. Jordan, Christopher C.R. Allen, Brian P. Kelleher*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Methane-derived authigenic carbonate (MDAC) mound features at the Codling Fault Zone (CFZ), located in shallow waters (50-120m) of the western Irish Sea were investigated and provide a comparison to deep sea MDAC settings. Carbonates consisted of aragonite as the major mineral phase, with δ13C depletion to -50‰ and δ18O enrichment to~2‰. These isotope signatures, together with the co-precipitation of framboidal pyrite confirm that anaerobic oxidation of methane (AOM) is an important process mediating methane release to the water column and the atmosphere in this region. 18O-enrichment could be a result of MDAC precipitation with seawater in colder than present day conditions, or precipitation with 18O-enriched water transported from deep petroleum sources. The 13C depletion of bulk carbonate and sampled gas (-70‰) suggests a biogenic source, but significant mixing of thermogenic gas and depletion of the original isotope signature cannot be ruled out. Active seepage was recorded from one mound and together with extensive areas of reduced sediment, confirms that seepage is ongoing. The mounds appear to be composed of stacked pavements that are largely covered by sand and extensively eroded. The CFZ mounds are colonized by abundant Sabellaria polychaetes and possible Nemertesia hydroids, which benefit indirectly from available hard substrate. In contrast to deep sea MDAC settings where seep-related macrofauna are commonly reported, seep-specialist fauna appear to be lacking at the CFZ. In addition, unlike MDAC in deep waters where organic carbon input from photosynthesis is limited, lipid biomarkers and isotope signatures related to marine planktonic production (e.g. sterols, alkanols) were most abundant. Evidence for microbes involved in AOM was limited from samples taken; possibly due to this dilution effect from organic matter derived from the photic zone, and will require further investigation. 

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)139-150
Number of pages12
JournalMarine Geology
Volume357
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01 Nov 2014

Keywords

  • Codling Fault
  • Gas seepage
  • Irish Sea
  • Methane-derived authigenic carbonate

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oceanography
  • Geochemistry and Petrology
  • Geology

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    O'Reilly, S. S., Hryniewicz, K., Little, C. T. S., Monteys, X., Szpak, M. T., Murphy, B. T., Jordan, S. F., Allen, C. C. R., & Kelleher, B. P. (2014). Shallow water methane-derived authigenic carbonate mounds at the Codling Fault Zone, western Irish Sea. Marine Geology, 357, 139-150. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.margeo.2014.08.007