Improved animal health can reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions intensity in livestock systems while increasing productivity. Integrated modelling of disease impacts on farm-scale emissions is important in identifying effective health strategies to reduce emissions. However, it requires that modellers understand the pathways linking animal health to emissions and how these might be incorporated into models. A key barrier to meeting this need has been the lack of a framework to facilitate effective exchange of knowledge and data between animal health experts and emissions modellers. Here, these two communities engaged in workshops, online exchanges and a survey to i) identify a comprehensive list of disease-related model parameters and ii) test its application to evaluating models. Fifty-six parameters were identified and proved effective in assessing the potential of farm-scale models to characterise livestock disease impacts on GHG emissions. Easy wins for the emissions models surveyed include characterising disease impacts related to feeding.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This paper was supported by the FACCE-JPI knowledge hub Modelling European Agriculture with Climate Change for Food Security (MACSUR) and the Animal Health Network of the Global Research Alliance, with support from the Research Council of Norway , and Scottish Government RESAS .
The authors would like to acknowledge the contribution of two anonymous reviewers for their comments which enabled us to enhance the content and clarity of this article. The opinions expressed in this paper are those of the authors and not necessarily those of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. This paper was supported by the FACCE-JPI knowledge hub Modelling European Agriculture with Climate Change for Food Security (MACSUR) and the Animal Health Network of the Global Research Alliance, with support from the Research Council of Norway, and Scottish Government RESAS.
© 2020 The Authors
- Agricultural modelling
- Climate change
- Dairy production
- Greenhouse gas emissions
- Livestock health
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Animal Science and Zoology