Transient receptor potential (TRP) channels couple various environmental factors to changes in membrane potential, calcium influx, and cell signaling. They also integrate multiple stimuli through their typically polymodal activation. Thus, although the TRPM8 channel has been extensively investigated as the major neuronal cold sensor, it is also regulated by various chemicals, as well as by several short channel isoforms. Mechanistic understanding of such complex regulation is facilitated by quantitative single-channel analysis. We have recently proposed a single-channel mechanism of TRPM8 regulation by voltage and temperature. Using this gating mechanism, we now investigate TRPM8 inhibition in cell-attached patches using HEK293 cells expressing TRPM8 alone or coexpressed with its short sM8-6 isoform. This is compared with inhibition by the chemicals N-(4-tert-butylphenyl)-4-(3-chloropyridin-2-yl)piperazine-1-carboxamide (BCTC) and clotrimazole or by elevated temperature. We found that within the seven-state single-channel gating mechanism, inhibition of TRPM8 by short sM8-6 isoforms closely resembles inhibition by increased temperature. In contrast, inhibition by BCTC and that by clotrimazole share a different set of common features. © 2012 by The American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Inc.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cell Biology
- Molecular Biology
Fernandez, J. A., Skryma, R., Bidaux, G., Magleby, K. L., Scholfield, C. N., McGeown, J. G., Prevarskaya, N., & Zholos, A. V. (2012). Short Isoforms of the Cold Receptor TRPM8 Inhibit Channel Gating by Mimicking Heat Action Rather than Chemical Inhibitors. Journal of Biological Chemistry, 287(5), 2963-2970. https://doi.org/10.1074/jbc.M111.272823