Sickness absence among migrant and non-migrant care workers in Finland: A register-based follow-up study

Antero Olakivi, Anne Kouvonen, Aki Koskinen, Laura Kemppainen, Lauri Kokkinen, Ari Väänänen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study aimed to compare the sickness absence (SA; over 10 days) rates of migrant and non-migrant care workers in Finland. Two cohorts were randomly sampled from nationwide registers and analysed together in a three-year follow-up design (2011-2013, 2014-2016). The pooled data consisted of 78,476 care workers, of whom 5% had a migrant background. Statistical methods included cross-tabulations and Poisson regression modelling. Thirty-five percent of the Finnish-born care workers had at least one SA during the follow-up. Care workers from the post-2004 EU countries (30%, at least one SA), Russia, the Former Soviet Union and the Balkan states (25%) and the Global South and East (21%) had fewer episodes of SA than the Finnish-born care workers. The two latter groups also had lower SA rates after we controlled for occupation, gender, age, income and region of residence. Care workers from Western Europe and the Global North (36%) had higher SA rates than the Finnish-born care workers.
Original languageEnglish
JournalScandinavian Journal of Public Health
Early online date22 Apr 2023
DOIs
Publication statusEarly online date - 22 Apr 2023

Keywords

  • Sickness absence
  • health care
  • occupational health
  • social care
  • register study
  • group comparison
  • migrants
  • presenteeism
  • care work
  • follow-up

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