The spouted bed was widely used due to its good mixing of particles and effective phase transferability between the gas and solid phase. In this paper, the transportation process of particles in a 3D spouted bed was studied using the Computational Particle Fluid Dynamics (CPFD) numerical method. Experiments were conducted to verify the validity of the simulation results. Distributions of the pressure, velocities and particle concentration of transportation devices were investigated. The motion state and characteristics of multiphase flows in the transportation device were demonstrated under various operating conditions. The results showed that a good consistency was obtained between the simulated results and the experimental results. The motion characteristics of the gas-solid two-phase flow in the device was effectively predicted, which could assist the optimal operating condition estimation for the spouted transportation process.
Zhang, L., Wang, Z., Wang, Q., Qin, H., & Xu, X. (2016). Simulation of Oil Shale Semi-Coke Particle Cold Transportation in a Spouted Bed Using CPFD Method. Powder Technology, 301, 360-368. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.powtec.2016.06.012