This paper presents a 3D simulation system which is employed in order to predict cutting forces and tool deflection during end-milling operation. In order to verify the accuracy of 3D simulation, results (cutting forces and tool deflection) were compared with those based on the theoretical relationships, in terms of agreement with experiments. The results obtained indicate that the simulation is capable of predicting the cutting forces and tool deflection.
Jalili Saffar, R., Razfar, M. R., Zarei, O., & Ghassemieh, E. (2008). Simulation of three-dimension cutting force and tool deflection in the end milling operation based on finite element method. Simulation Modelling Practice and Theory, 16(10), 1677-1688. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.simpat.2008.08.010