Site symmetry dependence of repulsive interactions between chemisorbed oxygen atoms on Pt{100}-(1x1)

Q Ge, P Hu, DA King, MH Lee, JA White, MC Payne

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Abstract

Ab initio total energy calculations using density functional theory with the generalized gradient approximation have been performed for the chemisorption of oxygen atoms on a Pt{100}-(1 x 1) slab. Binding energies for the adsorption of oxygen on different high-symmetry sites are presented. The bridge site is the most stable at a coverage of 0.5 ML, followed by the fourfold hollow site. The atop site is the least stable. This finding is rationalized by analyzing the ''local structures'' formed upon oxygen chemisorption. The binding energies and heats of adsorption at different oxygen coverages show that pairwise repulsive interactions are considerably stronger between oxygen atoms occupying fourfold sites than those occupying bridge sites. Analysis of the partial charge densities associated with Bloch states demonstrates that the O-Pt bond is considerably more localized at the bridge site. These effects cause a sharp drop in the heats of adsorption for oxygen on hollow sites when the coverage is increased from 0.25 to 0.5 ML. Mixing between oxygen p orbitals and Pt d orbitals can be observed over the whole metal d-band energy range.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1210-1215
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Chemical Physics
Volume106
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 15 Jan 1997

Keywords

  • DENSITY-FUNCTIONAL THEORY
  • ELECTRONIC-STRUCTURE
  • DISSOCIATIVE ADSORPTION
  • METAL-SURFACES
  • PSEUDOPOTENTIALS
  • H-2
  • O-2
  • CO
  • COVERAGE
  • EXCHANGE

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