Slow solar wind connection science during Solar Orbiter’s first close perihelion passage

Stephanie L. Yardley*, Christopher J. Owen, David M. Long, Deborah Baker, David H. Brooks, Vanessa Polito, Lucie M. Green, Sarah Matthews, Mathew Owens, Mike Lockwood, David Stansby, Alexander W. James, Gherardo Valori, Alessandra Giunta, Miho Janvier, Nawin Ngampoopun, Teodora Mihailescu, Andy S. H. To, Lidia van Driel-Gesztelyi, Pascal DémoulinRaffaella D’Amicis, Ryan J. French, Gabriel H. H. Suen, Alexis P. Rouillard, Rui F. Pinto, Victor Réville, Christopher J. Watson, Andrew P. Walsh, Anik De Groof, David R. Williams, Ioannis Zouganelis, Daniel Müller, David Berghmans, Frédéric Auchère, Louise Harra, Udo Schuehle, Krysztof Barczynski, Éric Buchlin, Regina Aznar Cuadrado, Emil Kraaikamp, Sudip Mandal, Susanna Parenti, Hardi Peter, Luciano Rodriguez, Conrad Schwanitz, Phil Smith, Luca Teriaca, Cis Verbeeck, Andrei N. Zhukov, Bart De Pontieu, Tim Horbury, Sami K. Solanki, Jose Carlos del Toro Iniesta, Joachim Woch, Achim Gandorfer, Johann Hirzberger, David Orozco Súarez, Thierry Appourchaux, Daniele Calchetti, Jonas Sinjan, Fatima Kahil, Kinga Albert, Reiner Volkmer, Mats Carlsson, Andrzej Fludra, Don Hassler, Martin Caldwell, Terje Fredvik, Tim Grundy, Steve Guest, Margit Haberreiter, Sarah Leeks, Gabriel Pelouze, Joseph Plowman, Werner Schmutz, Sunil Sidher, William T. Thompson, Philippe Louarn, Andrei Federov

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)
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The Slow Solar Wind Connection Solar Orbiter Observing Plan (Slow Wind SOOP) was developed to utilize the extensive suite of remote-sensing and in situ instruments on board the ESA/NASA Solar Orbiter mission to answer significant outstanding questions regarding the origin and formation of the slow solar wind. The Slow Wind SOOP was designed to link remote-sensing and in situ measurements of slow wind originating at open–closed magnetic field boundaries. The SOOP ran just prior to Solar Orbiter’s first close perihelion passage during two remote-sensing windows (RSW1 and RSW2) between 2022 March 3–6 and 2022 March 17–22, while Solar Orbiter was at respective heliocentric distances of 0.55–0.51 and 0.38–0.34 au from the Sun. Coordinated observation campaigns were also conducted by Hinode and IRIS. The magnetic connectivity tool was used, along with low-latency in situ data and full-disk remote-sensing observations, to guide the target pointing of Solar Orbiter. Solar Orbiter targeted an active region complex during RSW1, the boundary of a coronal hole, and the periphery of a decayed active region during RSW2. Postobservation analysis using the magnetic connectivity tool, along with in situ measurements from MAG and SWA/PAS, showed that slow solar wind originating from two out of three of the target regions arrived at the spacecraft with velocities between ∼210 and 600 km s−1. The Slow Wind SOOP, despite presenting many challenges, was very successful, providing a blueprint for planning future observation campaigns that rely on the magnetic connectivity of Solar Orbiter.
Original languageEnglish
Article number11
JournalAstrophysical Journal Supplement
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 01 Jul 2023


  • Solar physics
  • Solar active regions
  • Slow solar wind
  • Solar wind


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