SN 2011A: A low-luminosity interacting transient with a double plateau and strong sodium absorpton

T. De Jaeger, J. P. Anderson, G. Pignata, M. Hamuy, E. Kankare, M. D. Stritzinger, S. Benetti, F. Bufano, N. Elias-Rosa, G. Folatelli, F. Förster, S. González-Gaitán, C. P. Gutiérrez, C. Inserra, R. Kotak, P. Lira, N. Morrell, F. Taddia, L. Tomasella

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We present optical photometry and spectroscopy of the optical transient SN 2011A. Our data span 140 days after discovery including BVRI u′g′r′i′z′ photometry and 11 epochs of optical spectroscopy. Originally classified as a type IIn supernova (SN IIn) due to the presence of narrow Hα emission, this object shows exceptional characteristics. First, the light curve shows a double plateau, a property only observed before in the impostor SN 1997bs. Second, SN 2011A has a very low luminosity (MV=-15.72), placing it between normal luminous SNe IIn and SN impostors. Third, SN 2011A shows low velocity and high equivalent width absorption close to the sodium doublet, which increases with time and is most likely of circumstellar origin. This evolution is also accompanied by a change in line profile; when the absorption becomes stronger, a P Cygni profile appears. We discuss SN 2011A in the context of interacting SNe IIn and SN impostors, which appears to confirm the uniqueness of this transient. While we favor an impostor origin for SN 2011A, we highlight the difficulty in differentiating between terminal and non-terminal interacting transients.

Original languageEnglish
Article number63
Number of pages16
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume807
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01 Jul 2015

Keywords

  • circumstellar matter
  • stars: mass loss
  • supernovae: general
  • supernovae: individual (2011A)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Space and Planetary Science
  • Astronomy and Astrophysics

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