Social identification and prevalence of PTSD in Northern Ireland

Orla Muldoon, C. Downes

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

55 Citations (Scopus)


Background Understanding of the psychological impact of politically motivated violence is poor. Aims To examine the prevalence of post-traumatic symptoms subsequentto the ‘troubles’ in Northern Ireland. Method A telephone survey of 3000 adults, representative of the population in Northern Ireland and the border counties of the Irish Republic, examined exposure to political violence, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and national identity. Results Ten per cent of respondents had symptoms suggestive of clinical PTSD. These people were most likely to come from low-income groups, rate national identity as relatively unimportant and have higher overall experience of the ‘troubles’than other respondents. Conclusions Direct experience of violence and poverty increase the risk of PTSD, whereas strong national identification appears to reduce this risk.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)146-149
Number of pages4
JournalBritish Journal of Psychiatry
Issue numberAUG.
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2007

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Neuroscience(all)


Dive into the research topics of 'Social identification and prevalence of PTSD in Northern Ireland'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this