In this article, we present the application of the weighted horizontal gradient of magnetic field (WGM) flare prediction method to three-dimensional (3D) extrapolated magnetic configurations of 13 flaring solar active regions (ARs). The main aim is to identify an optimal height range, if any, in the interface region between the photosphere and lower corona, where the flare onset time prediction capability of WGM is best exploited. The optimal height is where flare prediction, by means of the WGM method, is achieved earlier than at the photospheric level. 3D magnetic structures, based on potential and nonlinear force-free field extrapolations, are constructed to study a vertical range from the photosphere up to the low corona with a 45 km step size. The WGM method is applied as a function of height to all 13 flaring AR cases that are subject to certain selection criteria. We found that applying the WGM method between 1000 and 1800 km above the solar surface would improve the prediction of the flare onset time by around 2-8 hr. Certain caveats and an outlook for future work along these lines are also discussed.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
2020-06-01 2020-06-18 09:52:11 cgi/release: Article released bin/incoming: New from .zip STFC UK ST/S000518/1 CAS PIFI 2019VMA0052 STFC UK ST/M000826/1 NSFC 11750110422 11433006 11790301 and 11790305 STFC UK ST/P000304/1 NSF AGS-1654382 AGS-1723436 and AST-1735405 NSFC 11790300 and11790301 yes
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ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Astronomy and Astrophysics
- Space and Planetary Science