Spatially Resolved Signatures of Bidirectional Flows Observed in Inverted-Y Shaped Jets

C. J. Nelson, N. Freij, S. Bennett, R. Erdelyi, M. Mathioudakis

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Abstract

Numerous apparent signatures of magnetic reconnection have been reported in the solar photosphere, including inverted-Y shaped jets. The reconnection at these sites is expected to cause localized bidirectional flows and extended shock waves; however, these signatures are rarely observed as extremely high spatial-resolution data are required. Here, we use Hα imaging data sampled by the Swedish Solar Telescope's CRisp Imaging SpectroPolarimeter to investigate whether bidirectional flows can be detected within inverted-Y shaped jets near the solar limb. These jets are apparent in the Hα line wings, while no signature of either jet is observed in the Hα line core, implying reconnection took place below the chromospheric canopy. Asymmetries in the Hα line profiles along the legs of the jets indicate the presence of bidirectional flows, consistent with cartoon models of reconnection in chromospheric anemone jets. These asymmetries are present for over two minutes, longer than the lifetimes of Rapid Blue Excursions, and beyond ±1 Å into the wings of the line indicating that flows within the inverted-Y shaped jets are responsible for the imbalance in the profiles, rather than motions in the foreground. Additionally, surges form following the occurrence of the inverted-Y shaped jets. This surge formation is consistent with models, which suggests such events could be caused by the propagation of shock waves from reconnection sites in the photosphere to the upper atmosphere. Overall, our results provide evidence that magnetic reconnection in the photosphere can cause bidirectional flows within inverted-Y shaped jets and could be the driver of surges.
Original languageEnglish
Article number115
Number of pages9
JournalThe Astrophysical Journal
Volume883
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 26 Sep 2019

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