Spectroscopic characterization of prepulsed x-ray laser plasmas

M. Nantel, A. Klisnick, G. Jamelot, P.B. Holden, B. Rus, A. Carillon, P. Jaegle, P. Zeitoun, G. Tallents, A.G. MacPhee, Ciaran Lewis, S. Jacquemot, L. Bonnet

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)


Through the use of time-integrated space-resolved keV spectroscopy, we investigate line plasmas showing gain in Ne-like nickel, copper, and zinc for irradiation using the prepulse technique. The experiments were conducted at 1.06 mu m with the prepulse to main pulse intensity contrast ranging from 10(-6) to 10(-2). The effect of the prepulses on the plasma conditions is inferred through spectroscopic line ratio diagnostics for the electron temperature, the Ne-like ground-state density, and the lateral size of the Ne-like region. It is observed that neither the value of the electronic temperature nor its spatially resolved profile along the linear focus axis varies significantly with the prepulse level, contrary to the lateral width and the density of the Ne-like region in the plasma, which are seen to increase. These results explain, at least in part, why prepulsed x-ray lasers show such high gain and brightness.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2852-2862
Number of pages11
JournalPhysical Review E
Publication statusPublished - 1996


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