Spectroscopy and thermal modelling of the first interstellar object 1I/2017 U1 'Oumuamua

Alan Fitzsimmons, Colin Snodgrass, Ben Rozitis, Bin Yang, Meabh Hyland, Tom Seccull, Michele T. Bannister, Wesley C. Fraser, Robert Jedicke, Pedro Lacerda

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Abstract

During the formation and evolution of the Solar System, significant numbers of cometary and asteroidal bodies were ejected into interstellar space$^{1,2}$. It can be reasonably expected that the same happened for planetary systems other than our own. Detection of such Inter- stellar Objects (ISOs) would allow us to probe the planetesimal formation processes around other stars, possibly together with the effects of long-term exposure to the interstellar medium. 1I/2017 U1 'Oumuamua is the first known ISO, discovered by the Pan-STARRS1 telescope in October 2017$^3$.The discovery epoch photometry implies a highly elongated body with radii of $\sim 200 \times 20$ m when a comet-like geometric albedo of 0.04 is assumed. Here we report spectroscopic characterisation of 'Oumuamua, finding it to be variable with time but similar to organically rich surfaces found in the outer Solar System. The observable ISO population is expected to be dominated by comet-like bodies in agreement with our spectra, yet the reported inactivity implies a lack of surface ice. We show this is consistent with predictions of an insulating mantle produced by long-term cosmic ray exposure. An internal icy composition cannot therefore be ruled out by the lack of activity, even though 'Oumuamua passed within 0.25 au of the Sun.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)133-137
Number of pages5
JournalNature Astronomy
Volume2
Early online date18 Dec 2017
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 29 Jan 2018

Bibliographical note

4 figures, 1 table; Accepted for publication in Nature Astronomy, data are available at https://github.com/asteroidnerd/Oumuamua-spectroscopy

Keywords

  • astro-ph.EP

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  • Student Theses

    Revealing Refractory Materials on Trans-Neptunian Objects and Centaurs via Reflectance Spectroscopy

    Author: Seccull, T., Jul 2020

    Supervisor: Fitzsimmons, A. (Supervisor) & Watson, C. (Supervisor)

    Student thesis: Doctoral ThesisDoctor of Philosophy

    Cite this

    Fitzsimmons, A., Snodgrass, C., Rozitis, B., Yang, B., Hyland, M., Seccull, T., Bannister, M. T., Fraser, W. C., Jedicke, R., & Lacerda, P. (2018). Spectroscopy and thermal modelling of the first interstellar object 1I/2017 U1 'Oumuamua. Nature Astronomy, 2, 133-137. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41550-017-0361-4