A prototype X-band scale model for a quasi-optical three-port circulator utilising a double-layer circularly polarising frequency selective surface is proposed. The operating principles and measured characteristics of the device are discussed. A prototype device operating at 9.9 GHz has been built and validated experimentally. The port 1 to port 2 insertion loss of the quasi-circulator has been measured to be 2 dB, while port 1 to port 3 isolation is 16 dB. It is demonstrated that port 1 to 3 isolation can be increased to 25 dB by embedding the quasi-circulator in a feedforward setup.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering