Stabilization of Mdm2 via decreased ubiquitination is mediated by protein kinase B/Akt-dependent phosphorylation

Jianhua Feng, Ratislav Tamaskovic, Zhongzhou Yang, Derek P. Brazil, Adrian Merlo, Daniel Hess, Brian A. Hemmings*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

208 Citations (Scopus)
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The tumor suppressor p53 is commonly inhibited under conditions in which the phosphatidylinositide 3′-OH kinase/protein kinase B (PKB)Akt pathway is activated. Intracellular levels of p53 are controlled by the E3 ubiquitin ligase Mdm2. Here we show that PKB inhibits Mdm2 self-ubiquitination via phosphorylation of Mdm2 on Ser166 and Ser188. Stimulation of human embryonic kidney 293 cells with insulin-like growth factor-1 increased Mdm2 phosphorylation on Ser166 and Ser188 in a phosphatidylinositide 3′-OH kinase-dependent manner, and the treatment of both human embryonic kidney 293 and COS-1 cells with phosphatidylinositide 3′-OH kinase inhibitor LY-294002 led to proteasome-mediated Mdm2 degradation. Introduction of a constitutively active form of PKB together with Mdm2 into cells induced phosphorylation of Mdm2 at Ser166 and Ser188 and stabilized Mdm2 protein. Moreover, mouse embryonic fibroblasts lacking PKBα displayed reduced Mdm2 protein levels with a concomitant increase of p53 and p21Cip1, resulting in strongly elevated apoptosis after UV irradiation. In addition, activation of PKB correlated with Mdm2 phosphorylation and stability in a variety of human tumor cells. These findings suggest that PKB plays a critical role in controlling of the Mdm2·p53 signaling pathway by regulating Mdm2 stability.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)35510-35517
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Issue number34
Publication statusPublished - 20 Aug 2004
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry


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