Statistical Analysis of Small Ellerman Bomb Events

C. J. Nelson, J. G. Doyle, R. Erdélyi, Z. Huang, M. S. Madjarska, M. Mathioudakis, S. J. Mumford, K. Reardon

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31 Citations (Scopus)


The properties of Ellerman bombs (EBs), small-scale brightenings in the Hα line wings, have proved difficult to establish because their size is close to the spatial resolution of even the most advanced telescopes. Here, we aim to infer the size and lifetime of EBs using high-resolution data of an emerging active region collected using the Interferometric BIdimensional Spectrometer (IBIS) and Rapid Oscillations of the Solar Atmosphere (ROSA) instruments as well as the Helioseismic and Magnetic Imager (HMI) onboard the Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO). We develop an algorithm to track EBs through their evolution, finding that EBs can often be much smaller (around 0.3″) and shorter-lived (less than one minute) than previous estimates. A correlation between G-band magnetic bright points and EBs is also found. Combining SDO/HMI and G-band data gives a good proxy of the polarity for the vertical magnetic field. It is found that EBs often occur both over regions of opposite polarity flux and strong unipolar fields, possibly hinting at magnetic reconnection as a driver of these events.The energetics of EB events is found to follow a power-law distribution in the range of a nanoflare (1022-25 ergs).
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)307-323
JournalSolar Physics
Publication statusPublished - 01 Apr 2013


  • Active regions
  • Magnetic fields
  • Photosphere-sunspots
  • Penumbra

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