Strategic development in exact calculation: Group and individual differences in four achievement subtypes

Judith Wylie, Julie-Ann Jordan, Gerard Mulhern

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)
18 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

This longitudinal study sought to identify developmental changes
in strategy use between 5 and 7 years of age when solving exact
calculation problems. Four mathematics and reading achievement
subtypes were examined at four time points. Five strategies were
considered: finger counting, verbal counting, delayed retrieval,
automatic retrieval, and derived fact retrieval. Results provided
unique insights into children’s strategic development in exact calculation
at this early stage. Group analysis revealed relationships
between mathematical and/or reading difficulties and strategy
choice, shift, and adaptiveness. Use of derived fact retrieval by
7 years of age distinguished children with mathematical difficulties
from other achievement subtypes. Analysis of individual differences
revealed marked heterogeneity within all subtypes,
suggesting (inter alia) no marked qualitative distinction between
our two mathematical difficulty subtypes.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)112-130
Number of pages130
JournalJournal of Experimental Child Psychology
Volume113
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2012

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Strategic development in exact calculation: Group and individual differences in four achievement subtypes'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this