Structural Assessment of Reinforced Concrete Beams Incorporating Waste Plastic Straws

Jamal M. Khatib, A. Jahami, Adel Elkordi, Hakim Abdelkagader, Mohammed Sonebi

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Abstract

The behavior of reinforced concrete beams containing fibers made of waste plastic straws (WPSs) under the three point bending test is examined. The effect of WPS fiber addition on the compressive and split tensile strength is reported. Four concrete mixes were prepared. The control mix PS-0 had a proportion of 1 cement: 1 sand: 2 coarse aggregate and a water cement ratio of 0.4. In the other three mixes PS-0.5, PS-1.5 and PS-3, 0%, 0.5%, 1.5% and 3% of WPS fiber (by volume) was added respectively. The results show that at 0.5% WPS, there is slight increase in compressive strength. However, beyond 0.5% addition, a decrease in compressive strength is observed. The split tensile strength shows a systematic increase with the addition of WPS fibers. The reinforced concrete beams containing WPS fibers show higher ductility as demonstrated by the larger ultimate tensile strain and ductility index (Δu/Δy). There is a tendency to have more fine cracks with the presence of WPS fibers.
Original languageEnglish
Article number96
Number of pages14
JournalEnvironments
Volume7
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 29 Oct 2020

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