Structure-correlated magnetic resonance transverse relaxivity enhancement in superparamagnetic ensembles with complex anisotropy landscape

Korobi Konwar, Niyorjyoti Sharma, Pranjali Pranjali, Anupam Guleria, Som Datta Kaushik, Anupam Dutta, Rupak Mukhopadhyay, Debasis Sen, Weibo Gao, Pritam Deb*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)


The aim of the work is to explore structure-relaxivity relationship by observing transverse relaxivity enhancement in magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of differently organized superparamagnetic complex ensembles of zinc ferrite isotropic/anisotropic nanosystems. We observe that superparamagnetic systems show a correlation of MRI-transverse relaxivity, r2/r1, with spatial arrangement of nanoparticles, as well as magnetic easy axes and thermal-energy-dependent anisotropy energy landscape. The presence of highly random/partially aligned easy axes with enhanced anisotropy constant leads to modulation in transverse relaxation. As a result, we achieve highest contrast efficiency in compact ensemble of isotropic nanoparticles and hollow core ensemble. Indeed, core-shell ensemble with combined effect of aligned and randomly oriented easy magnetic axes shows a reduction in MRI contrast efficiency. However, we address a hypothesis for transverse contrast efficiency where we depict the correlation among MRI-transverse contrast efficiency with structural complexity of ensembles, differently arranged primary nanoparticles/magnetic easy axes, anisotropy constant, and collective magnetic behavior. In consequence, we simplify the limitation of quantum mechanical outer-sphere diffusion model of magnetic resonance relaxivity by neglecting the contribution of magnetization and introducing an anisotropy constant contribution with complex structure landscape of easy axes.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)11087-11098
Number of pages12
Issue number36
Early online date30 Aug 2022
Publication statusPublished - 13 Sept 2022


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