Structure-Guided Investigation of Lipopolysaccharide O-Antigen Chain Length Regulators Reveals Regions Critical for Modal Length Control

S. Kalynych, X. Ruan, Miguel Valvano, M. Cygler

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

24 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The O-antigen component of the lipopolysaccharide (LPS) represents a population of polysaccharide molecules with nonrandom (modal) chain length distribution. The number of the repeat O units in each individual O-antigen polymer depends on the Wzz chain length regulator, an inner membrane protein belonging to the polysaccharide copolymerase (PCP) family. Different Wzz proteins confer vastly different ranges of modal lengths (4 to > 100 repeat units), despite having remarkably conserved structural folds. The molecular mechanism responsible for the selective preference for a certain number of O units is unknown. Guided by the three-dimensional structures of PCPs, we constructed a panel of chimeric molecules containing parts of two closely related Wzz proteins from Salmonella enterica and Shigella flexneri which confer different O-antigen chain length distributions. Analysis of the O-antigen length distribution imparted by each chimera revealed the region spanning amino acids 67 to 95 (region 67 to 95), region 200 to 255, and region 269 to 274 as primarily affecting the length distribution. We also showed that there is no synergy between these regions. In particular, region 269 to 274 also influenced chain length distribution mediated by two distantly related PCPs, WzzB and FepE. Furthermore, from the 3 regions uncovered in this study, region 269 to 274 appeared to be critical for the stability of the oligomeric form of Wzz, as determined by cross-linking experiments. Together, our data suggest that chain length determination depends on regions that likely contribute to stabilize a supramolecular complex.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3710-3721
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Bacteriology
Volume193
Issue number15
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2011

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology
  • Molecular Biology

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