Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia (CAH) is a family of autosomal recessive disorders involving impaired synthesis of cortisol from cholesterol by adrenal cortex. The predominant causes of the disorder are mutations in the CYP21A2 gene that encodes a Cytochrome P450 21-hydroxylase enzyme, which is central to steroidogenesis. The severity of the disease depends upon the extent of impaired enzymatic activity and can be classified under severe Classical form or the mild Non-Classical form, Molecular characterisation of CYP21A2 mutations can be used to predict clinical phenotype and disease severity based upon changes it brings in 21-hydroxylase enzyme structure. A humanized model of CYP21A2 has been used to map and investigate the structural role of all known disease-causing mutations. A structural explanation of clinical manifestation allows us to put forward criteria that might allow the prediction of clinical severity of the disease.