The first step of the mineralisation of fosfomycin by R. huakuii PMY1 is hydrolytic ring opening with the formation of (1R, 2R)-1,2-dihydroxypropylphosphonic acid. This phosphonic acid and its three stereoisomers were synthesised by chemical means and tested as their ammonium salts for mineralisation as evidenced by release of P-i. Only the (1R, 2R)-isomer was degraded. A number of salts of phosphonic acids such as (+/-)-1,2-epoxybutyl-, (+/-)-1,2-dihydroxyethyl-, 2-oxopropyl-, (+/-)-2-hydroxypropyl-, (+/-)-1-hydroxypropyl- and (+/-)-1-hydroxy-2-oxopropylphosphonic acid were synthesised chemically, but none supported growth. In vitro C-P bond cleavage activity was however detected with the last phosphonic acid. A mechanism involving phosphite had to be discarded as it could not be used as a phosphorus source. R. huakuii PMY1 grew well on (R)- and ( S)- lactic acid and hydroxyacetone, but less well on propionic acid and not on acetone or (R)- and (+/-)-1,2-propanediol. The Pi released from (1R, 2R)-1,2-dihydroxypropylphosphonic acid labelled with one oxygen-18 in the PO3H2 group did not stay long enough in the cells to allow complete exchange of O-18 for O-16 by enzymic turnover.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
- Organic Chemistry