Study and Fire Testing of Natural Banana Fibre Reinforced Composites with Flame Retardant Properties

Raquel Garcia, Mario Monzón Verona, Eoin Cunningham

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Citations (Scopus)
727 Downloads (Pure)


The interest in natural fibre reinforced composites is growing in industrial applications due to natural fibres being an attractive alternative to synthetic fibres. However, it is necessary to improve the fire behaviour of the material because natural fibres have a high combustibility. The objective of this work is to evaluate the fire resistance of polymer composites reinforced with natural fibre fabric, using magnesium hydroxide as flame retardant for the polymeric matrix and alkali treatment for the fibre. The types of fabric are banana, banana with cotton and linen; and long banana fibre has been used for the formation of a nonwoven. The fire test is carried out based on ISO 9773 standard and the effect of the additive has been studied, chemical treatment, type of fabric and number of layers. Through statistical analysis, it is concluded that the flame propagation speed has a decreasing relation with respect to the percentage, but it decreases the mechanical properties considerably. In addition, the number of layers and type of fabric influence the fire properties. Finally, it is concluded that composites reinforced with linen fabric have the best mechanical properties, but banana nonwoven with 60% additive has the best fire behaviour. 
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)275–286
Number of pages12
JournalOpen Chemistry
Publication statusPublished - 07 Apr 2020


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