Support for a possible schizophrenia vulnerability locus in region 5q22-31 in Irish families

R E Straub, C J MacLean, F A O'Neill, D Walsh, K S Kendler

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160 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In our genome scan for schizophrenia genes in 265 Irish pedigrees, marker D5S818 in 5q22 produced the second best result of the first 223 markers tested (P = 0.002). We then tested an additional 13 markers and the evidence suggests the presence of a vulnerability locus for schizophrenia in region 5q22-31. This region appears to be distinct from those chromosome 5 regions studied in two prior reports, but the same as that producing positive results in the report by Wildenauer and colleagues found elsewhere in this issue. The largest pairwise heterogeneity LOD (H-LOD) score was found with marker D5S393 (max 3.04, P = 0.0005), assuming a narrow phenotypic category, and a genetic model with intermediate heterozygotic liability. In marked contrast to the H-LOD scores from our sample with markers from the regions of interest on chromosomes 6p and 8p, expanding the disease definition to include schizophrenia spectrum or nonspectrum disorders produced substantially smaller scores, with a number of markers failing to yield positive values at any recombination fraction. Using multipoint H-LODS, the strongest evidence for linkage occurs under the narrow phenotypic definition and recessive genetic model, with a peak at marker D5S804 (max 3.35, P = 0.0002). Multipoint nonparametric linkage analysis produced a peak in the same location (max z = 2.84, P = 0.002) with the narrow phenotypic definition. This putative vulnerability locus appears to be segregating in 10-25% of the families studied, but this estimate is tentative. Comparison of individual family multipoint H-LOD scores at the regions of interest on chromosomes 6p, 8p and 5q showed that only a minority of families yield high lod scores in two or three regions.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)148-55
Number of pages8
JournalMolecular Psychiatry
Volume2
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Mar 1997

Keywords

  • Chromosomes, Human, Pair 5
  • Chromosomes, Human, Pair 6
  • Chromosomes, Human, Pair 8
  • Disease Susceptibility
  • Female
  • Genetic Heterogeneity
  • Genotype
  • Humans
  • Ireland
  • Lod Score
  • Male
  • Models, Genetic
  • Pedigree
  • Schizophrenia

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