To assess the comparative effectiveness and safety of different surgical and laser techniques in people with pseudoexfoliation glaucoma (PXFG). We conducted a systematic review including randomized controlled trials (RCT) that compared any pair of surgical or laser treatment versus other type of intervention in PXFG. RCT were identified by a highly sensitive search of electronic databases and two individuals independently assessed trial eligibility, abstracted data and assessed risk of bias. We performed Bayesian Meta-Analysis when outcomes were comparable. The search strategy identified 6171 records. Six studies (262 subjects) were included. Two trials analyzed the same pair of surgical interventions comparing phacoemulsification as solo procedure or combined with trabecular aspiration and we performed meta-analysis. Other RCTs compared the following interventions: trabecular aspiration associated with phacoemulsification versus phacotrabeculectomy, non-penetrating deep sclerectomy associated or not with phacoemulsification, selective versus argon laser trabeculoplasty and one-site versus two-site phacotrabeculectomy. For IOP data, none of the trials reported a difference between pairs of surgical techniques, nor changes in visual acuity or number of post-operative medications. The overall risk of bias is moderate to high. There are no apparent differences in efficacy and safety, although with large uncertainty, between surgical or laser techniques for PXFG. Based on the low-quality evidence from the six studies included in this review, it is not possible to justify the preferential use of non-penetrating surgery, MIGS or trabecular aspiration (with or without cataract surgery) in PXFG. Further research is needed to determine the optimal management of this condition.
Bibliographical notePublisher Copyright:
© 2021, The Author(s), under exclusive licence to The Royal College of Ophthalmologists.
Copyright 2021 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Sensory Systems