Survey of chloropropanols in soy sauces and related products purchased in the UK in 2000 and 2002

C. Crews*, S. Hasnip, S. Chapman, P. Hough, N. Potter, J. Todd, P. Brereton, W. Matthews

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

34 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The results of surveys to investigate the levels of 3-monochloropropane-1,2-diol (3-MCPD) and 1,3-dichloropropanol (1,3-DCP) in UK retail samples of soy sauces and similar products are reported. The products, sampled in 2000 and 2002, were analysed for 3-MCPD using an established solvent extraction technique with a reporting limit of 0.01 mg kg-1, which also detected 2-monochloropropane-1,2-diol (2-MCPD), and for 1,3-DCP by an automated headspace method with a reporting limit of 0.005 mg kg-1, which also detected 2,3-dichloropropanol (2,3-DCP). In the 2000 survey, 3-MCPD was quantified in 32 of 100 samples. After normalization to 40% dry matter, it was quantified at or above 0.02 mg kg-1 in 25 of the samples and in excess of 1 mg kg-1 in 16 samples, the highest containing 82.8 mg kg-1. 2-MCPD was found in 26 samples, at up to 17.6 mg kg-1 after normalization to 40% dry, matter. The presence of 1,3-DCP was detected in 17 of the samples, at levels between 0.006 and 0.345 mg kg-1. 1,3-DCP was only detected where 3-MCPD was present, but the levels of 1,3-DCP and 3-MCPD were not correlated. 2,3-DCP was detected in 11 samples at levels ranging from 0.006 to 0.043 mg kg-1. In the 2002 survey, 3-MCPD was quantified (> 0.01 mg kg-1) in only eight of 99 samples and 2-MCPD in three samples. After normalization to 40% dry matter, 3-MCPD was present at or above 0.02 mg kg-1 in seven of these, the maximum level being 35.9 mg kg-1. 1,3-DCP was detected in this sample alone, at 0.017 mg kg-1.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)916-922
Number of pages7
JournalFood Additives and Contaminants
Volume20
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01 Oct 2003
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • 1,3-DCP
  • 3-MCPD
  • Chloropropanols
  • Dichloropropanol
  • Headspace
  • Monochloropropanediol
  • Soy sauce

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry (miscellaneous)
  • Food Science
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Toxicology
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

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