BACKGROUND: The risk of mother-to-child transmission (MTCT) of HIV-2 is much lower than that of HIV-1, but the long-term prognosis of perinatally infected HIV-2 children is unknown. We re-visited children who were part of a large MTCT study in The Gambia (conducted during 1993-1997), in order to compare the long-term survival of children perinatally infected with HIV-2 with that of seronegative and of HIV-1 infected children.
METHODS: Five to eight years' follow-up of a cohort of children born to HIV-negative, HIV-1 positive, and HIV-2 positive mothers.
RESULTS: Seven hundred and seventy-four children were followed up for a median of 6.6 years. Of 17 perinatally HIV-1 infected children, three were still alive on 1 July 2001, two had been lost to follow-up, and 12 had died. The median survival was 2.5 years. Of eight HIV-2 infected children five were still alive, none were lost to follow-up and three had died. The mortality hazards ratio of both HIV-1 [9.9; 95% confidence interval (CI), 5.2-19], and of HIV-2 infected children (3.9; CI, 1.2-12) was significantly increased compared with children of seronegative mothers. The mortality hazards ratio of HIV uninfected children of HIV-1 or HIV-2 infected mothers was not significantly increased compared to that of children of seronegative mothers (P = 0.17 and P = 0.5 respectively).
CONCLUSIONS: Children with perinatally acquired HIV-2 infection have a higher mortality than children of seronegative mothers. Guidelines for treatment of HIV-1 infected children should be used for treatment of HIV-2 infected children.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||AIDS (London, England)|
|Publication status||Published - 07 Nov 2003|
- Developing Countries
- Follow-Up Studies
- HIV Infections/mortality
- Infant, Newborn
- Infectious Disease Transmission, Vertical
- Pregnancy Complications, Infectious
- Survival Analysis