Synthesis and characterization of polymer networks and star polymers containing a novel, hydrolyzable acetal-based dimethacrylate cross-linker

Efrosyni Themistou, Costas S. Patrickios

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

43 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

An acid-labile dimethaerylate acetal cross-linker,di(methacryloyloxy-l-ethoxy)methane(DMOEM), was synthesized by the reaction of 2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate and paraformaldehyde using p-toluenesulfonic acid and toluene as catalyst and solvent, respectively. Group transfer polymerization was employed to use this cross-linker in the preparation of nine hydrolyzable polymer structures: one neat cross-linker network, one randomly cross-linked network of methyl methacrylate (MMA), and seven star-shaped polymers of MMA. Gel permeation chromatography (GPC) in tetrahydrofuran (THF) confirmed the narrow molecular weight distributions of the linear polymer precursors to the stars and demonstrated the increase in molecular weight upon the addition of cross-linker for the formation of star-shaped polymers. Characterization of the star polymers in THF using static light scattering and GPC showed that the molecular weights and the number of arms of each star polymer increased with an increase in the molar ratio of cross-linker to initiator and with a decrease in the molar ratio of monomer to initiator. The star polymers with DMOEM cores bore a smaller number of arms than those cross-linked with the non-hydrolyzable commercial cross-linker ethylene glycol dimethacrylate due to the bulkier structure of DMOEM. All DMOEM-containing polymer networks and star polymers were completely hydrolyzed within 48 h using hydrochloric acid in THF.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)73-80
JournalMacromolecules
Volume39
Issue number1
Early online date23 Nov 2005
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 10 Jan 2006

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Synthesis and characterization of polymer networks and star polymers containing a novel, hydrolyzable acetal-based dimethacrylate cross-linker'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this