A homogeneous PdII catalyst, utilizing a simple and inexpensive amine ligand (TMEDA), allows 2-alkynoates to be prepared in high yields by an oxidative carbonylation of terminal alkynes and alcohols. The catalyst system overcomes many of the limitations of previous palladium carbonylation catalysts. It has an increased substrate scope, avoids large excesses of alcohol substrate and uses a desirable solvent. The catalyst employs oxygen as the terminal oxidant and can be operated under safer gas mixtures.
Cao, Q., Hughes, N. L., & Muldoon, M. J. (2016). Synthesis of 2-Alkynoates by Palladium(II)-Catalyzed Oxidative Carbonylation of Terminal Alkynes and Alcohols. Chemistry - A European Journal, 22(34), 11982–11985. https://doi.org/10.1002/chem.201602558