Synthesis of the alkaloid homaline in ( ) and natural (S,S)-(-) forms, using amination and transamidative ring expansion in liquid ammonia.

L. Crombie, David Haigh, R.C.F. Jones, A.-R. Mat-Zin

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27 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Crombie, Leslie; Haigh, David; Jones, Raymond C. F.; Mat-Zin, A.Rasid. Dep. Chem., Univ. Nottingham, Nottingham, UK. Journal of the Chemical Society, Perkin Transactions 1: Organic and Bio-Organic Chemistry (1972-1999) (1993), (17), 2047-54. CODEN: JCPRB4 ISSN: 0300-922X. Journal written in English. CAN 120:164608 AN 1994:164608 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2009 ACS on SciFinder (R)) Abstract The alkaloid homaline I was prepd. in (?) and natural (S,S)-(-) forms. Linking of 2-azacyclooctanone units either directly or successively using 1,4-dihalogenobutanes or 1,4-dihalogenobut-2-ynes is examd. (?)-5-Methyl-4-phenyl-1,5-diazacyclooctan-2-one is first made by a 2,2'-dithiodipyridine/triphenylphosphine-mediated cyclization, and then by amination and transamidative ring expansion from N-(3-chloropropyl)-4-phenylazetidin-2-one in liq. ammonia, followed by N-methylation. Coupling through a 1,4-dihalogenobutane of either the N-methylated azalactam, or the unmethylated azalactam followed by methylation, gave homaline in (?) and meso forms. (R)-(-)-phenylglycine was converted via (S)-?-phenyl-?-alanine into an (S)-?-lactam which was then alkylated with 1-bromo-3-chloropropane, and aminated and ring expanded in liq. ammonia. Coupling of the homochiral azalactam (2 mol) so formed with 1,4-dibromobutane, followed by N-methylation, gave (S,S)-(-)-homaline identical with the natural material.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2047-2054
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of the Chemical Society - Perkin Transactions 1
Volume-
Publication statusPublished - 1993

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