Synthetic peptides interacting with the 67-kd laminin receptor can reduce retinal ischemia and inhibit hypoxia-induced retinal neovascularization.

D. Gebarowska, Alan Stitt, Tom Gardiner, Patrick Harriott, Brett Greer, John Nelson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

32 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The high-affinity 67-kd laminin receptor (67LR) is expressed by proliferating endothelial cells during retinal neovascularization. The role of 67LR has been further examined experimentally by administration of selective 67LR agonists and antagonists in a murine model of proliferative retinopathy. These synthetic 67LR ligands have been previously shown to stimulate or inhibit endothelial cell motility in vitro without any direct effect on proliferation. In the present study, a fluorescently labeled 67LR antagonist (EGF33–42) was injected intraperitoneally into mice and its distribution in the retina was assessed by confocal scanning laser microscopy. Within 2 hours this peptide was localized to the retinal vasculature, including preretinal neovascular complexes, and a significant amount had crossed the blood retinal barrier. For up to 24 hours postinjection, the peptide was still present in the retinal vascular walls and, to a lesser extent, in the neural retina. Non-labeled EGF33–42 significantly inhibited pre-retinal neovascularization in comparison to controls treated with phosphate-buffered saline or scrambled peptide (P <0.0001). The agonist peptide (Lamß1925–933) also significantly inhibited proliferative retinopathy; however, it caused a concomitant reduction in retinal ischemia in this model by promoting significant revascularization of the central retina (P <0.001). Thus, 67LR appears to be an important target receptor for the modulation of retinal neovascularization. Agonism of this receptor may be valuable in reducing the hypoxia-stimulated release of angiogenic growth factors which drives retinal angiogenesis.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)307-313
Number of pages7
JournalAmerican Journal of Pathology
Volume160(1)
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2002

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine

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