TARGETED BIOMETRIC IMPERSONATION

John D. Bustard*, John N. Carter, Mark S. Nixon

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

When applying biometric algorithms to forensic verification, false acceptance and false rejection can mean a failure to identify a criminal, or worse, lead to the prosecution of individuals for crimes they did not commit. It is therefore critical that biometric evaluations be performed as accurately as possible to determine their legitimacy as a forensic tool. This paper argues that, for forensic verification scenarios, traditional performance measures are insufficiently accurate. This inaccuracy occurs because existing verification evaluations implicitly assume that an imposter claiming a false identity would claim a random identity rather than consciously selecting a target to impersonate. In addition to describing this new vulnerability, the paper describes a novel Targeted.. FAR metric that combines the traditional False Acceptance Rate (FAR) measure with a term that indicates how performance degrades with the number of potential targets. The paper includes an evaluation of the effects of targeted impersonation on an existing academic face verification system. This evaluation reveals that even with a relatively small number of targets false acceptance rates can increase significantly, making the analysed biometric systems unreliable.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2013 INTERNATIONAL WORKSHOP ON BIOMETRICS AND FORENSICS (IWBF)
Place of PublicationNEW YORK
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)
Number of pages4
ISBN (Print)978-1-4673-4987-1
Publication statusPublished - 2013
Event1st International Workshop on Biometrics and Forensics (IWBF) - Lisbon, Portugal
Duration: 04 Apr 201305 Apr 2013

Conference

Conference1st International Workshop on Biometrics and Forensics (IWBF)
CountryPortugal
Period04/04/201305/04/2013

Keywords

  • Forensics
  • Face Verification
  • Biometric Evaluation
  • ATTACKS
  • SYSTEMS

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