Techno-Economic Feasibility of Selective CO2 Capture Processes from Biogas Streams using Ionic Liquids as Physical Absorbents

Pelayo Garcia-Gutierrez, Johan Jacquemin, Corina McCrellis, Ioanna Dimitriou, S. F. Rebecca Taylor, Christopher Hardacre, Raymond W.K. Allen

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26 Citations (Scopus)
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Abstract

Biogas from anaerobic digestion of sewage sludge is a renewable resource with high energy content, which is formed mainly of CH4 (40-75 vol.%) and CO2 (15-60 vol.%) Other components such as water (H2O, 5-10 vol.%) and trace amounts of hydrogen sulfide and siloxanes can also be present. A CH4-rich stream can be produced by removing the CO2 and other impurities so that the upgraded bio-methane can be injected into the natural gas grid or used as a vehicle fuel. The main objective of this paper is to develop a new modeling methodology to assess the technical and economic performance of biogas upgrading processes using ionic liquids which physically absorb CO2. Three different ionic liquids, namely the 1-ethyl-3-methylimidazolium bis[(trifluoromethyl)sulfonyl]imide, 1-hexyl-3-methylimidazoliumbis[(trifluoromethyl)sulfonyl]imide and trihexyl(tetradecyl)phosphonium bis[(trifluoromethyl)sulfonyl]imide, are considered for CO2 capture in a pressure-swing regenerative absorption process. The simulation software Aspen Plus and Aspen Process Economic Analyzer is used to account for mass and energy balances as well as equipment cost. In all cases, the biogas upgrading plant consists of a multistage compressor for biogas compression, a packed absorption column for CO2 absorption, a flash evaporator for solvent regeneration, a centrifugal pump for solvent recirculation, a pre-absorber solvent cooler and a gas turbine for electricity recovery. The evaluated processes are compared in terms of energy efficiency, capital investment and bio-methane production costs. The overall plant efficiency ranges from 71-86 % whereas the bio-methane production cost ranges from £6.26-7.76 per GJ (LHV). A sensitivity analysis is also performed to determine how several technical and economic parameters affect the bio-methane production costs. The results of this study show that the simulation methodology developed can predict plant efficiencies and production costs of large scale CO2 capture processes using ionic liquids without having to rely on gas solubility experimental data.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5052–5064
JournalEnergy & Fuels
Volume30
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 03 May 2016

Bibliographical note

doi: 10.1021/acs.energyfuels.6b00364

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  • Datasets

    ASPEN Plus input files for the ILs processes

    Hardacre, C. (Owner), Taylor, R. (Owner), Jacquemin, J. (Contributor), Garcia-Gutierrez, P. (Contributor), McCrellis, C. (Contributor), Dimitriou, I. (Contributor) & Allen, R. W. K. (Creator), Queen's University Belfast, 03 May 2016

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    Cite this

    Garcia-Gutierrez, P., Jacquemin, J., McCrellis, C., Dimitriou, I., Taylor, S. F. R., Hardacre, C., & Allen, R. W. K. (2016). Techno-Economic Feasibility of Selective CO2 Capture Processes from Biogas Streams using Ionic Liquids as Physical Absorbents. Energy & Fuels, 30(6), 5052–5064. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.energyfuels.6b00364