We report on a temperature dependence of the frequency of all the major peaks in the Raman spectra of carbon nanotubes, using different excitation laser powers at the sample. The frequency decreases with increasing temperature for all peaks, and the shifts in Raman frequencies are linear in the temperature of the sample. In comparison, a similar dependence is found in active carbon, but no shift is observed for the highly ordered pyrolytic graphite within the same range of variation in laser power. A lowering of frequency at higher temperature implies an increase in the carbon-carbon distance at higher temperature. The relatively strong temperature dependence in carbon nanotubes and active carbon may be due to the enhanced increase in carbon-carbon distance. This enhancement may originate from the heavy defects and disorder in these materials. (C) 1998 American Institute of Physics. [S0021-8979(98)05219-0].
|Number of pages||3|
|Journal||Journal of Applied Physics|
|Publication status||Published - 01 Oct 1998|