Background: Tiotropium is a once-daily, long-acting anticholinergic bronchodilator with the potential to alleviate airway obstruction in cystic fibrosis. Our objective was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of 2.5 and 5 μg once-daily tiotropium delivered via the Respimat Soft Mist Inhaler vs. placebo in people with cystic fibrosis. Methods: This phase 2, 12-week, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled parallel-group study of tiotropium Respimat as add-on to usual cystic fibrosis maintenance therapy included people with cystic fibrosis with pre-bronchodilator forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV1) ≥25% predicted. Co-primary efficacy end points were change from baseline in percent-predicted FEV1area under the curve from 0 to 4 hours (FEV1AUC0-4h), and trough FEV1at the end of week 12. Findings: A total of 510 subjects with cystic fibrosis aged 5-69 years were randomized. Both doses of tiotropium resulted in significant improvement compared with placebo in the co-primary efficacy end points at the end of week 12 (change from baseline in percent-predicted FEV1AUC0-4h: 2.5 μg: 2.94%, 95% confidence interval 1.19-4.70, p = 0.001; 5 μg: 3.39%, 95% confidence interval 1.67-5.12, p = 0.0001; in percent-predicted trough FEV1:2.5 μg: 2.24%, p = 0.2; 5 μg: 2.22%, p = 0.02). There was a greater benefit with tiotropium 5 vs. 2.5 μg. No treatment-related adverse events or unexpected safety findings were observed in patients taking tiotropium. Conclusions: Tiotropium significantly improved lung function in people with cystic fibrosis. The improvement was greater with the higher dose than the lower dose, with no difference in adverse events.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
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- School of Medicine, Dentistry and Biomedical Sciences - Director of Clinical Research Facility
- Wellcome Wolfson Institute for Experimental Medicine