Textile wastewater treatment using granular activated carbon adsorption in fixed beds

Gavin Walker, L.R. Weatherley

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

59 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This work involved the treatment of industrial wastewater from a nylon carpet printing plant which currently receives no treatment and is discharged to sea. As nylon is particularly difficult to dye, acid dyes are required for successful coloration and cause major problems with the plant's effluent disposal in terms of color removal. Granular activated carbon Filtrasorb 400 was used to treat a ternary solution of acid dyes and the process plant effluent containing the dyes in a fixed-bed column system. Experimental data were correlated using the bed depth service time (BDST) model to previously published work by the authors for single dye adsorption. The results were expressed in terms of the BDST adsorption capacity, in milligrams of adsorbate per gram of adsorbent, and indicated that there was a 12-25% decrease iri adsorption capacity in the ternary system compared to the single component system; This reduction has been attributed to competitive adsorption occurring in the ternary component system. Dye adsorption from the process plant effluent showed an approximate 65% decrease in adsorption capacity compared to the ternary solution system. This has been attributed to interference caused by the other colorless textile effluent pollutants found in the process wastewater. A chemical oxygen demand analysis on these components indicated that the dyes accounted for only 14% of the total oxygen demand.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1329-1341
Number of pages13
JournalSeparation Science and Technology
Volume35
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2000

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Filtration and Separation
  • Process Chemistry and Technology
  • Chemistry(all)

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