The application of metabolomic biomarker screening tools for improved Bovine Respiratory Disease diagnosis and management

Darren Gray, Fawad Mansoor, Olivier P. Chevallier, Christopher T. Elliott, Simon Doherty, Michael D. Welsh, Mark H. Mooney

Research output: Contribution to conferencePosterpeer-review

Abstract

Bovine Respiratory Disease (BRD) is considered to be one of the most significant causes of economic loss in cattle worldwide. The disease has multifactorial aetiology, where viral induced respiratory damage can predispose animals to developing secondary bacterial infections. Accurate identification of viral infected animals prior to the onset of bacterial infection is necessary to reduce the overuse of antimicrobial treatments and minimize further economic losses from reduced production capacity and death. This research focuses on Bovine Parainfluenza Virus Type 3 (BPIV-3), one of the viruses involved in generating BRD. Vaccination measures for BPIV-3 can induce a level of immunity preventing disease progression, however, not all animals respond equally and immunization can complicate disease diagnosis. Alternative diagnostic approaches are required to identify animals which fail to respond to vaccination during infection outbreaks and are therefore likely to be more susceptible to secondary bacterial infections. Mass spectrometry based metabolomics was employed to identify plasma markers capable of differentiating between vaccinated and non-vaccinated calves after challenge with BPIV-3. Differentiation of vaccinated and non-vaccinated study groups (n=6) was possible as early as day 2 post-BPIV-3 challenge up until day 20 using a panel of potential metabolite markers. This study illustrates the potential for metabolomics to provide more detailed information on animal vaccination status that could be used to develop tools for improved herd health management, reduce economic loss through rapid identification and isolation of animals without immune protection (improving herd level immunity) and help reduce the usage of antimicrobial therapeutic treatments in animals.
Original languageEnglish
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2014
EventASSET 2014: Food Integrity and Traceability Conference - Queen's University Belfast, Belfast, United Kingdom
Duration: 08 Apr 201410 Apr 2014

Conference

ConferenceASSET 2014: Food Integrity and Traceability Conference
Country/TerritoryUnited Kingdom
CityBelfast
Period08/04/201410/04/2014

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