The application of public policy theory to the emerging food fraud risk: Next steps

John Spink*, P. Vincent Hegarty, Neal D. Fortin, Christopher T. Elliott, Douglas C. Moyer

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Food fraud is generally agreed to be defined as an illegal deception for economic gain using food which includes all types of fraud and all products. Food fraud – including the sub-category of Economically Motivated Adulteration or EMA – is an urgent global public policy issue that requires the development of common definitions and harmonized prevention management systems. 

Scope and approach: There is a need to assess the food fraud public policy development steps to understand the current state and more importantly to identify next steps that will support efficient and successful implementation. Since food fraud policy development is in early stages of development, there is a unique opportunity to build upon the current state and make adjustments that will potentially yield tremendous benefit through harmonization and coordination. 

The process model steps reviewed include: Problem Identification (Foundation Setting and Definition & Formation), Agenda Setting, Alternate Approaches, Legitimation, Implementation, and Evaluation. The research included a review of the current public policy development stages for the United Kingdom, European Commission, China, United States of America, and then also the Global Food Safety Initiative GFSI. 

Key findings and conclusions: The international food fraud policy-making is currently advancing through Agenda Setting, Alternate Approaches, and Legitimation. The next steps for an efficient and effective food fraud policy-making implementation are to: (1) establish the definition and scope, (2) define food fraud as a food agency issue, (3) publish an official government statement focused on prevention (e.g., law, regulation, rule, guidance, etc.), (4) support and fund the policy implementation, and (5) continue to evaluate and adjust the response. Since food fraud policy development is in the early stages of development, there is a unique opportunity to build upon the current state and make adjustments that will potentially yield tremendous benefit through harmonization and coordination.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)116-128
Number of pages13
JournalTrends in Food Science and Technology
Volume85
Early online date11 Jan 2019
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01 Mar 2019

Keywords

  • Adulteration
  • Authenticity
  • Counterfeit
  • Crime
  • Food fraud
  • Food safety

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Food Science

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